One of the most famous structures in all of ancient Mesopotamia was the ziggurat. Ziggurats were massive stone-brick temples that resembled mountains. The name ziggurat comes from the Assyrian word ziqquratu meaning “pinnacle.” 1.
The ziggurat itself was believed by the Mesopotamian faithful to be the dwelling place of their gods on Earth and was generally part of a larger sacred precinct that was administered by priests and priestesses. The first ziggurats were build in Eridu almost 7000 years ago and were later copied in other cities around Mesopotamia for several thousand years afterward.
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