The Shanidar Cave

The Shanidar Cave

Remains of our distant cousins. This is the Shanidar Cave.

Deep within the Zagros Mountains of Iraqi Kurdistan lies a prehistoric archaeological site known as the Shanidar Cave. It is here between the years 1957 and 1961 that a team from Columbia University discovered the remains of 9 Neanderthals, with the remains of a tenth being discovered in 2006.

During the original Shanidar Cave excavation
The bones date from 35,000 to approximately 65,000 years ago. The cave also contains two proto-Neolithic cemeteries dating back about 10,600 years. It is said to contain the remains of 35 individuals. Watch the short documentary below to learn more.

What’s interesting is that one of the Neanderthals seems to have survived several injuries, possibly due to help received from other members of his clan. Another’s body is laid beside flowers, showing evidence of some sort of burial ritual.

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