Uruk was one of the longest continually habited cities in the history of humankind. Some scholars believe that parts of it were inhabited for nearly 5000 years, all the way from the times of the Ubaid people.
A walled city throughout most of its existence, Uruk consisted was made up of temples, palaces, homes, and gardens.
At its height around 2900 BCE, it is believe that Uruk had between 50,000–80,000 residents living within a 6 square mile area, making it the largest city in the world at that time. Though falling into decline after 2000 BCE, the city was believed to have still been inhabited until sometime just before the Islamic conquest of the region in the late 500s, early 600s AD.
The two major temples within the city were temple of An and Eanna (god of the sky and House of Heaven) and the temple dedicated to the goddess of love, Inanna. It is in the later temple that archaeologists found the oldest known examples of writing.
Today the area near Uruk is known as the Iraq of Warka.
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